Types of snakes

Family: Acrohordidae Hornstedt = Warty snake

Family: Aniliidae Boulenger = Terete snakes

Family: Anomalepididae Taylor, 1939 = American worm snake

Family: Boidae Gray, 1825 = Lomonova [davoisne] snake

Family: Bolyeridae Gray, 1842 = Mascarene Boas

Family: Colubridae Oppel, 1811 = Colubrid snakes, wavie

Family: Crotalidae Gray, 1825 = Explosive [alkoholowe] snake

Family: Elapidae Boie, 1827 = Aspidova snakes, adders

Family: Hydrophiidae Boie = Sea snake

Family: Laticaudidae Laurenti = Ploskovaty, ploskogorie sea snakes, sea kraits, sea snakes amphibian

Family: Leptotyphlopidae Stejneger = Stenolaemata snakes

Family: Tropidophiidae Brongersma, 1951 = Earthen Boas

Family: Typhlopidae Merrem, 1820 = Clipsmake, blind

Family: Uropeltidae Gray = Withvalue snakes

Family: Viperidae Bonaparte, 1840 = snakes vipers and pit vipers, vipers

Family: Xenopeltidae Bonaparte, 1844 = Radiant snake

Brief description of the suborder

To the suborder of snakes are some of the most peculiar creatures: their unusual appearance, the original way of movement, a lot of the cool features of the behavior, the toxicity of many species.

In the structure of the skull of the serpent are the most characteristic and robust features of these animals that distinguish them from lizards. They provide an exceptional elongation of the mouth of snakes that allows them to swallow whole prey, which is much thicker than their bodies. Bones of the facial skull snakes movably interconnected, and the lower jaw is suspended from the skull on highly tensile cords.

The teeth of snakes are well developed and are used for biting, grasping the prey and pushing it into the esophagus, but not for chewing or tearing the prey.

The girdle of the forelimbs are completely absent, and from the waist of the hind limbs in some species there was a small bone rudiments of the pelvis.

The most important sensory organ of snakes is the language in combination with the organ of Jacobson. The eyes also play an important role in the orientation of the snakes. The snakes sense of smell is well developed and serves as one of the guiding feelings. The hearing is weakened. Some snakes have thermal sense organs, or remote thermostats, allowing them to capture the heat coming from the body of the prey.

There are known about 3000 species of snakes, belonging to 16 families and more than 450 genera.

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