The poisonous snakes Rating
The species composition of the snake is about three thousand. They live on all continents except Antarctica. The wet tropics, the dry and hot deserts, dense forests and seaside suitable climate and ecological system quite tolerable for certain species of snakes.
Surprised not only their way of moving without limbs, but the way of food: the food they swallow whole. Extraction it is necessary to immobilize – to stifle or paralyze the input of the poison. About 10% of all snakes in the process of evolution evolved the ability to produce poison.
Snakes poisonous substances injected into the victim’s body through the upper canines, having internal channels. Some types of “snake community” inexplicably acquired the ability to produce a very strong poison several thousand times exceeding that which would have been sufficient. For example – the most venomous snake in the world in one bite secretes a dose of poison, lethal to 12 thousand rabbits. Of course, that the rights of venomous snakes represent a threat, but more on that later.
The rank of poisonous snakes
A brief look at 7 of the most poisonous snakes inhabiting, fortunately, far from our territories:
the black Mamba inhabits the dry regions of South Africa, Namibia, Mozambique, Ethiopia and Botswana. The body length of the adult is 2.5 metres, with some specimens reaching 4 m. But the most striking about this creature is its ability to move at high speed (up to 20 km/h);
the common adder is found in our region, but its bite rarely causes death, causes more pain. Besides this our “snake” neighbor-aggressive and almost always tries to hide from human eyes;
Copperhead-Riboud distributed in the Eastern United States, its bite is potentially dangerous, and attack humans only in case of aggression on his part;
another representative of the overseas community of poisonous snakes – green gremuchiy. Its poison causes liquefaction of blood in the human body, but is completely harmless to skunks;
the black echidna is Australia, is the record for a one-time amount of poison;
in the tropical forests of Central and South America can stumble on bushmaster, reaching a length of 4 meters. Venom this snake produces a lot and in strength it surpasses the venom of the black vipers;
and the first place for toxic Taipan is native to Australia. The poison of the most venomous snakes in the world causes vomiting, nervous system disorders, abdominal pain and without entering antidote in 9 cases out of 10 is death of the person bitten. Even the use of the antidote saves only half of the victims.
Behavior when meeting with a snake in nature
The diet of all poisonous snakes consists of small animals they can swallow whole. Man does not cause them gastronomic interest. All cases of attacks and bites by snakes were after deliberate or accidental triggering from the side of man. Protecting their territory or their offspring of snakes ready to attack anyone.