What is stomatitis?
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, in English literature it is often called “mouthrot” is a rotting mouth. The process can be local or generalized, acute or chronic.
Causes of stomatitis in snakes.
Stomatitis is not a primary disease develops on the background of immunosuppression caused by:
– hypothermia and stress condition of the animal;
– hypovitaminosis, due to depleted, proper nutrition (especially a lack of vitamin C, next);
– other diseases, against which decreases the immunity of the animal.
Often the disease starts with mechanical injuries of the mouth (the snake strikes his head on the glass when shooting, the damage caused by feeding rodents, etc.).
The signs, which can determine the presence of the disease.
– early in the disease oral mucosa is pale, with a slight bluish tint, with some light swelling;
– on the mucosal surface can be seen a small amount of discharge that resembles thick saliva. Further discharge will become purulent (pus in reptiles often has the appearance of cottage cheese with a slight yellowish tinge, in advanced stages – blood).
focal disease often spreads in the submucosal layer between the gum and the skin Continue reading
Biologist Marshall Mackey (Marshall McCue ) from University of Arkansas (University of Arkansas ) undertook a study of the biological mechanism that enables some snakes to starve for up to two years.
For that, he spent 168 days observed 62 individuals of three snake species (distant relatives): Royal Python, white snake and Texas gramatnica.
Macku followed physiological, compositional and morphological changes of the snakes and found that snakes can reduce their metabolic rate by 72%! For this they use a special survival strategy in the absence of food, is not peculiar to any of vertebrates.
The rate at 72% is shocking, as “snakes and so consume little energy, and we still didn’t know how they manage to reduce energy consumption to such a low level”, ” says Marshall.
What’s even more amazing is the fact (also found by Makku) that snakes on loss from 9.3% to 24.4% of initial body weight continued to grow in length (especially increased size of the head – just like those snakes).
Day 168 to study rattlesnakes showed a record decline in the intensity of metabolism. He was only 28 per cent. Snakes reduced the metabolism to the bar in 55%. At the same time, the pythons, the maximum decrease in the intensity Continue reading
Enemies include snakes and humans. A poisonous snake never attacks. When meeting with a person she tries to crawl away to the shelter. The bites are the only means of protection of the disturbed snakes. However, a person encountering a venomous snake, mercilessly killing her.
Obvodnaya or draining certain areas, people indirectly harm the snakes living there, depriving them of a favorable condition. While fighting the rodents, it deprives them poor.
Sickness of snakes is poorly known. Some data are available regarding the parasite of the Viper and steppe Viper. The vipers registered 8 species of parasites: 3 — of flagellates, 2 ” tape 1 ” round worms, 1 — of acanthocephala, and 1 — mites (Markov and others 1966). The Central Asian Viper — 11 species of parasites, of which 2 are of the simplest type, 1 — to tapeworms, 5 ” round worms, 1 — the acanthocephalans and 2 — to ticks (Zinyakova and others 1966). In the Viper and the Viper obnaruzheno lung, upper respiratory tract and liver spot tubercles of tuberculosis. There have been cases of diseases of the mouth.
Venomous Continue reading