From venomous snakes the most dangerous bites of Cobra, spectacled serpents, vipers, some sea snakes. Their bites (usually hands, feet) are accompanied by local pain, progressive edema of the affected limb, passing sometimes on the trunk. At the bite location revealed two reddish dotted wound; soon around them appear petechiae or hemorrhages, which can be detected also on mucous membranes.
There is cyanosis and rapid swelling of limbs, increasing the General toxic reaction. In some cases, develop kollaptoidnoe state. Bites of snakes up to 15% of bitten die from heart failure, paralysis of the respiratory center 3-4 days after the bite.
Treatment: rapid removal (suction) of the poison from the wounds (effectively in half an hour); immobilization of extremities; the introduction of anti-typhoid serum in the interscapular region (20-100 ml); epinephrine, caffeine, kordiamin, ephedrine; novocaine blockade around the bite; systemic corticosteroids in medium doses.
Some marine molluscs have poisonous apparatus and swimmers cause painful burns, the development of erosions, local ischemia, cyanosis, numbness, which quickly can spread to large areas Continue reading
What are the dangers in Thailand: reptiles and element
Going on vacation in the friendly Kingdom of Thailand, we are all expecting sun, sea and coconut trees. Polite and good-natured Thai people, delicious and spicy local cuisine set us on a relaxed holiday. But do not forget that this state is in the tropical zone, so the wildlife here is quite extensive.
What are the dangers in Thailand can trap a tourist? What is best to be prepared so as not to regret later?
Danger in Thailand for tourists
1. A poisonous snake.
In Thailand a lot of snakes. Most are completely harmless, but some are poisonous. Some sting may fast enough to kill you, but even if this does not happen, the damage to the body can be very severe, the poison is extremely toxic thing.
Here, for example, found a King Cobra that reaches a length of four meters! While it preys on other snakes, and thus has a destructive danger to the fragile human body. So no need to walk outside of marked pathways. And watch your step!
2. Dangerous spiders.
Also, as in the case of snakes, most of these insects are not dangerous to humans. Despite the fact that Thailand is inhabited by almost two dozen species of spiders that are poisonous are just a few. But there is also a terrifying black widow, the venom of which Continue reading
Leave me alone, snake effervescent, or First aid for snake bite
In the den of the snake was modestly, but with a bite.
We wrote a lot about how to deal with tick bites, but never about what to do in case of snake bite, and this can be quite useful right now, in the summer, during vacations, Hiking in the woods and mountains, and even trips abroad to exotic countries, where so many not only wild monkeys, and poisonous creatures.
In Russia too there are a lot of poisonous snakes, the most dangerous of them: Cobra, Central Asian Viper, is less poisonous: the Viper and the Copperhead. Mostly vipers, which were generally of a peaceful disposition, in the form of a man trying to disappear immediately, and only bite for self-protection, as, however, and all the snakes. So be careful.
If you (or one of your companions) felt “a pinprick”, but don’t know what kind of snake, poisonous or non-poisonous, you have been bitten by, and in appearance are unable to determine or did not, inspect the wound. The figure shows the types of tracks that leave the snakes on the site of the bite. The first five – poisonous snakes (see the punctures of the fangs) and the sixth – non-poisonous snakes.
If you are unlucky Continue reading