What is stomatitis?
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, in English literature it is often called “mouthrot” is a rotting mouth. The process can be local or generalized, acute or chronic.
Causes of stomatitis in snakes.
Stomatitis is not a primary disease develops on the background of immunosuppression caused by:
– hypothermia and stress condition of the animal;
– hypovitaminosis, due to depleted, proper nutrition (especially a lack of vitamin C, next);
– other diseases, against which decreases the immunity of the animal.
Often the disease starts with mechanical injuries of the mouth (the snake strikes his head on the glass when shooting, the damage caused by feeding rodents, etc.).
The signs, which can determine the presence of the disease.
– early in the disease oral mucosa is pale, with a slight bluish tint, with some light swelling;
– on the mucosal surface can be seen a small amount of discharge that resembles thick saliva. Further discharge will become purulent (pus in reptiles often has the appearance of cottage cheese with a slight yellowish tinge, in advanced stages – blood).
focal disease often spreads in the submucosal layer between the gum and the skin Continue reading
From venomous snakes the most dangerous bites of Cobra, spectacled serpents, vipers, some sea snakes. Their bites (usually hands, feet) are accompanied by local pain, progressive edema of the affected limb, passing sometimes on the trunk. At the bite location revealed two reddish dotted wound; soon around them appear petechiae or hemorrhages, which can be detected also on mucous membranes.
There is cyanosis and rapid swelling of limbs, increasing the General toxic reaction. In some cases, develop kollaptoidnoe state. Bites of snakes up to 15% of bitten die from heart failure, paralysis of the respiratory center 3-4 days after the bite.
Treatment: rapid removal (suction) of the poison from the wounds (effectively in half an hour); immobilization of extremities; the introduction of anti-typhoid serum in the interscapular region (20-100 ml); epinephrine, caffeine, kordiamin, ephedrine; novocaine blockade around the bite; systemic corticosteroids in medium doses.
Some marine molluscs have poisonous apparatus and swimmers cause painful burns, the development of erosions, local ischemia, cyanosis, numbness, which quickly can spread to large areas Continue reading