How much do we know about Sea serpents?
And that not having very many species and subspecies.They live in the tropics and subtropics,two oceans, the Indian Pacific,from Japan to the North,to Tasmania and New Zealand in the South,from Africa,California and Peru in the East.In the Atlantic there is not one species of sea snakes.Their habitat is rocky coasts of Islands,algae and sea grass.
Sometimes there are hundreds of thousands.They are woven with tangles and prefer to lie on the bottom.Some species of snakes feel comfortable as in seawater and in freshwater,in rivers so a lot of them.On the rivers they rise to the top for hundreds of kilometers,but then still down towards the sea,the sea is the source of their food.
In food they use smaller fish and various inhabitants of the deep sea.Some snakes are able to swallow food bigger than the weight of the snake several times.Only one sea snake that has the exotic name Bonito,lives apart for many hundreds of kilometers from the coast.She hunts only when on the sea surface calm,the fish rises to the top and at this point,palamida begins the hunt.
The venom of this Continue reading
Almost all snakes reproduce sexually, with the participation of female and male. Only certain species are capable of parthenogenesis, i.e. the reproduction is not transmitted sexually, and from unfertilized eggs without the participation of a male. There among the snakes, as a rare exception, and true hermaphrodites, i.e. individuals who are simultaneously female and male. Such exceptional case was recorded on the small island of Queimada-Grande, South America. There were found the snake, dubbed the island bothrops, among which, in addition to ordinary females and males, meet bisexual individuals who make up the majority of the population. These individuals are females, while the ovaries are the male copulatory organs and Mature testes. Such individuals may in some cases play the role of females and to breed, and the males are fertilizing other females (ordinary or hermaphrodite). The existence in the population of the island bothrops such unusual females is so efficient, the need for normal males has dropped, and their share in recent years has declined.
The female from the male in the overwhelming majority of snake species difficult to distinguish. The serpent the visible Continue reading
In the legends of ancient China tells the story of that dragon once there was a huge sea snake or a giant boa constrictor, swollen from the sea water in the Yangtze river.
Live large Boas and Kharkov zoo. Although to see their usual Kharkiv is unlikely. For the past four years as the entrance to the terrarium of the zoo is closed — emergency building on the brink of destruction. The roof of the cage, consisting of concrete slabs started to crumble. And simple repair in this case is not enough.
Once there was an aquarium for fish the local waters, says head of the Department of amphibians and reptiles of the zoo Olga Kalinovskaya, and when in 1995 marking the centenary of the zoo, was transformed into the current terrarium. Now the zoo management plans to restore the aquarium, and over it to build the pavilion-a terrarium. It remains only to find the money to build.
Thus it happened that now to exhibit a collection of snakes for the zoo anywhere. New housing received only crocodiles, lizards and small amphibians in the premises of the recently renovated monkey house. The rest live in various closed the eyes of the visitors spaces.
In Kharkov zoo today is home to 20 snake species, only about 200 individuals creeping. All of them are tropical snakes that were bred in captivity.
Creeping the oldest inhabitant of the zoo — a female Continue reading