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Stomatitis in snakes

What is stomatitis?

Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, in English literature it is often called “mouthrot” is a rotting mouth. The process can be local or generalized, acute or chronic.

Causes of stomatitis in snakes.

Stomatitis is not a primary disease develops on the background of immunosuppression caused by:

– hypothermia and stress condition of the animal;

– hypovitaminosis, due to depleted, proper nutrition (especially a lack of vitamin C, next);

– other diseases, against which decreases the immunity of the animal.

Often the disease starts with mechanical injuries of the mouth (the snake strikes his head on the glass when shooting, the damage caused by feeding rodents, etc.).

The signs, which can determine the presence of the disease.

– early in the disease oral mucosa is pale, with a slight bluish tint, with some light swelling;

– on the mucosal surface can be seen a small amount of discharge that resembles thick saliva. Further discharge will become purulent (pus in reptiles often has the appearance of cottage cheese with a slight yellowish tinge, in advanced stages – blood).

focal disease often spreads in the submucosal layer between the gum and the skin Continue reading

Snakes can starve while growing in length

Biologist Marshall Mackey (Marshall McCue ) from University of Arkansas (University of Arkansas ) undertook a study of the biological mechanism that enables some snakes to starve for up to two years.

For that, he spent 168 days observed 62 individuals of three snake species (distant relatives): Royal Python, white snake and Texas gramatnica.

Macku followed physiological, compositional and morphological changes of the snakes and found that snakes can reduce their metabolic rate by 72%! For this they use a special survival strategy in the absence of food, is not peculiar to any of vertebrates.

The rate at 72% is shocking, as “snakes and so consume little energy, and we still didn’t know how they manage to reduce energy consumption to such a low level”, ” says Marshall.

What’s even more amazing is the fact (also found by Makku) that snakes on loss from 9.3% to 24.4% of initial body weight continued to grow in length (especially increased size of the head – just like those snakes).

Day 168 to study rattlesnakes showed a record decline in the intensity of metabolism. He was only 28 per cent. Snakes reduced the metabolism to the bar in 55%. At the same time, the pythons, the maximum decrease in the intensity Continue reading

Poisonous snakes became active

Withbirately berries suffer from snake bites more often than GrisbNicky, because I move slowly and quietly.

In Sverdlovsk lustnau centre of acute poisonings admitted 18 measuring the bite of a Viper, COO described in a press-the Ministe of the Ministry of health. It is noticeable more than in the same period last year. According to doctors, the bites of poisonous snakes yli registered in different districts of region, including in Yekaterinburg Urga and around the city – Shartash and Baltym.

The snake’s venom is quite dangerous: it affects the blood, blood vessels, heart, liver, causes local tissue damage. In the time of the bite victim strong Oli doesn’t feel it, but after a few hours  becomes unbearable. The limb that was bitten by a snake, swells, prioretait agrevo-bluish color. The person experiences dizziness, you may experience shortness of breath, nausea, appear bitter taste in the mouth. The worst is when reptile bite through Vienna – the poison immediately enters the bloodstream, and the picture develops is tree.

In Yekaterinburg orgsam the Gorzdrav COO had that berry olshe Continue reading

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