From venomous snakes the most dangerous bites of Cobra, spectacled serpents, vipers, some sea snakes. Their bites (usually hands, feet) are accompanied by local pain, progressive edema of the affected limb, passing sometimes on the trunk. At the bite location revealed two reddish dotted wound; soon around them appear petechiae or hemorrhages, which can be detected also on mucous membranes.
There is cyanosis and rapid swelling of limbs, increasing the General toxic reaction. In some cases, develop kollaptoidnoe state. Bites of snakes up to 15% of bitten die from heart failure, paralysis of the respiratory center 3-4 days after the bite.
Treatment: rapid removal (suction) of the poison from the wounds (effectively in half an hour); immobilization of extremities; the introduction of anti-typhoid serum in the interscapular region (20-100 ml); epinephrine, caffeine, kordiamin, ephedrine; novocaine blockade around the bite; systemic corticosteroids in medium doses.
Some marine molluscs have poisonous apparatus and swimmers cause painful burns, the development of erosions, local ischemia, cyanosis, numbness, which quickly can spread to large areas Continue reading
Extreme situation. Venomous snakes and lizards
A large variety of venomous snakes occur in the tropics, however, some space of the globe completely devoid of poisonous snakes, including New Zealand, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and the Polynesian Islands. Some species of snakes are more aggressive than others, and can attack with no visible signs of provocation. However, aggression is the exception rather than the rule. The danger from snakes cannot be ignored in areas of high temperature where they are active day and night during the hot months. In cold weather they are passive or hibernate. In arid and semi-arid lands of the snake is more active early in the morning, afternoon they behave sluggish and hiding in the shadows. Many snakes are active only at night.
Considered the most poisonous vipers from Europe, Asia and Africa; copper-red and cotton, maksinova snakes in North America; shrubby and some other varieties in the American tropics. This is a long snake with venomous teeth.
Ordinary vipers and vipers “trench” (found in the pits) typically have a stout body and flat head.
Widely known varieties of the present (normal) vipers are found only in Europe, the Russell’s Viper in India, Viper with a hood in South Africa, American Viper — in dry areas of Africa and Arabia, Gabon-sky in tropical Continue reading
Problems with young.Part 1.
Infant vardousia or hardened yolks, hard belly, mass in Ball python hatchlings.
Newborn Regius, born in razvodnyh world level (captive breed, next, CB) or on a snake farm in the wilds of the jungle (farm breed, then FB), sometimes present surprises. In the last third of the body they have formed a small swelling. If you palpate the area, you’ll find some solid foreign body. It can be of different sizes and in some cases take up half the volume of the digestive tract of the snake. It’s not stool, as some might think, this so-called hardened yolk (hard yolk). Foreign colleagues use the term “hard belly” to refer to this problem, in a literal translation on Russian it sounds like vardousia.
The good news is tendopathies suffer only newborn Regiony. Suffer the vast majority of cases, not for long. Somehow solid the yolk mass is blocking the intestine, which threatens the life of a newborn Python. If the mass, which is visually similar to the oblong lump of matter, not removed in time, the snake will die of starvation and dehydration. If you delete, the chances of survival of the young of Ragusa will be slightly higher, but according to statistics, only 10-20% of the pups live longer than two months after the procedure.
Removing Python from the tumor, by contacting the veterinarian or yourself. In any case, you should be prepared for the fact that a dense mass inside the belly of a snake Continue reading