What is stomatitis?
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, in English literature it is often called “mouthrot” is a rotting mouth. The process can be local or generalized, acute or chronic.
Causes of stomatitis in snakes.
Stomatitis is not a primary disease develops on the background of immunosuppression caused by:
– hypothermia and stress condition of the animal;
– hypovitaminosis, due to depleted, proper nutrition (especially a lack of vitamin C, next);
– other diseases, against which decreases the immunity of the animal.
Often the disease starts with mechanical injuries of the mouth (the snake strikes his head on the glass when shooting, the damage caused by feeding rodents, etc.).
The signs, which can determine the presence of the disease.
– early in the disease oral mucosa is pale, with a slight bluish tint, with some light swelling;
– on the mucosal surface can be seen a small amount of discharge that resembles thick saliva. Further discharge will become purulent (pus in reptiles often has the appearance of cottage cheese with a slight yellowish tinge, in advanced stages – blood).
focal disease often spreads in the submucosal layer between the gum and the skin Continue reading
Biologist Marshall Mackey (Marshall McCue ) from University of Arkansas (University of Arkansas ) undertook a study of the biological mechanism that enables some snakes to starve for up to two years.
For that, he spent 168 days observed 62 individuals of three snake species (distant relatives): Royal Python, white snake and Texas gramatnica.
Macku followed physiological, compositional and morphological changes of the snakes and found that snakes can reduce their metabolic rate by 72%! For this they use a special survival strategy in the absence of food, is not peculiar to any of vertebrates.
The rate at 72% is shocking, as “snakes and so consume little energy, and we still didn’t know how they manage to reduce energy consumption to such a low level”, ” says Marshall.
What’s even more amazing is the fact (also found by Makku) that snakes on loss from 9.3% to 24.4% of initial body weight continued to grow in length (especially increased size of the head – just like those snakes).
Day 168 to study rattlesnakes showed a record decline in the intensity of metabolism. He was only 28 per cent. Snakes reduced the metabolism to the bar in 55%. At the same time, the pythons, the maximum decrease in the intensity Continue reading
In the Atlantic ocean situated island called Queimado Grande or whatever it is called ” snake. It is located near district of são Paulo, located in Brazil. The territory of the island is small, and employs approximately 0,43 km 2. and its height is about 200 meters. People Queimado-Grandi sidestep, and local authorities imposed a ban on visit this site
Bonito is a beautiful place of Brazil
Here is found the most dangerous snake on the planet that is called island bothrops. Her wounds are very afraid, through the fact that it immediately causes death of the tissue. Reliable evidence of a bite bothrops island is extremely small, but judging by the chemical composition of the snake’s venom is 5 times more dangerous than their mainland brethren. For example, in Costa Rica due to the biting of the dies cacahuete bothrops at least 6 people. The snake’s venom causes the victim the destruction of red blood cells and blood vessels, the site of the bite swells, possible bleeding of the internal organs. Without the antitoxin, the poor guy has very little chance of survival.
This place is untouched by humanity. Here is beautiful scenery that is filled with beautiful Continue reading