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Poisonous snakes.

The usual fear of snakes peculiar to the majority of people caused by ignorance. Even a harmless snake is sometimes viewed with apprehension. However, there is no need to fear snakes if you have at least some idea about them and their habits, about how to distinguish poisonous snakes, about the simple measures to prevent bites and how to provide first aid in those rare cases where the bite took place.

The probability of being bitten by a poisonous snake is very small. Danger of death from snake bite is much less than the chances of dying in a car accident or from accidental discharge.

Forget about the exaggerated danger, which in the popular literature and various stories associated with snakes. Do not believe the rumors about the number, size and ferocity of the snakes that live in a particular area. The locals know all poisonous snakes, but also many harmless species of snakes can be represented as deadly. Statistics on the number of people bitten by poisonous snakes, unreliable. This is particularly true of deaf areas where dangerous snakes are numerous. Besides accidents almost always happen to those people who don’t wear shoes and therefore get a bite on the foot or ankle. So if you wear boots and pants, the danger Continue reading

Stomatitis in snakes

What is stomatitis?

Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, in English literature it is often called “mouthrot” is a rotting mouth. The process can be local or generalized, acute or chronic.

Causes of stomatitis in snakes.

Stomatitis is not a primary disease develops on the background of immunosuppression caused by:

– hypothermia and stress condition of the animal;

– hypovitaminosis, due to depleted, proper nutrition (especially a lack of vitamin C, next);

– other diseases, against which decreases the immunity of the animal.

Often the disease starts with mechanical injuries of the mouth (the snake strikes his head on the glass when shooting, the damage caused by feeding rodents, etc.).

The signs, which can determine the presence of the disease.

– early in the disease oral mucosa is pale, with a slight bluish tint, with some light swelling;

– on the mucosal surface can be seen a small amount of discharge that resembles thick saliva. Further discharge will become purulent (pus in reptiles often has the appearance of cottage cheese with a slight yellowish tinge, in advanced stages – blood).

focal disease often spreads in the submucosal layer between the gum and the skin Continue reading

Snakes can starve while growing in length

Biologist Marshall Mackey (Marshall McCue ) from University of Arkansas (University of Arkansas ) undertook a study of the biological mechanism that enables some snakes to starve for up to two years.

For that, he spent 168 days observed 62 individuals of three snake species (distant relatives): Royal Python, white snake and Texas gramatnica.

Macku followed physiological, compositional and morphological changes of the snakes and found that snakes can reduce their metabolic rate by 72%! For this they use a special survival strategy in the absence of food, is not peculiar to any of vertebrates.

The rate at 72% is shocking, as “snakes and so consume little energy, and we still didn’t know how they manage to reduce energy consumption to such a low level”, ” says Marshall.

What’s even more amazing is the fact (also found by Makku) that snakes on loss from 9.3% to 24.4% of initial body weight continued to grow in length (especially increased size of the head – just like those snakes).

Day 168 to study rattlesnakes showed a record decline in the intensity of metabolism. He was only 28 per cent. Snakes reduced the metabolism to the bar in 55%. At the same time, the pythons, the maximum decrease in the intensity Continue reading

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