First aid for snake bites.
Unlikely to have at least one parent who is not worried about the bites of spiders, ants, wasps and, of course, snakes. It snakes arouse special fear, because inherent in us from childhood, the Association says that snakes are poisonous.
In fact, deaths from snake bite are fixed units and the shortage of cases of bites not so much. Usually with proper first aid and timely treatment to the clinic is a danger to a child’s life is minimal. Not the last role is played here by the fact that in Ukraine there are not so many poisonous snakes. To be precise, only one – the Viper.
In Ukraine, it is found five species of vipers. All of them are extremely poisonous, but their bites are usually not lethal, but unpleasant and threatening and long-term treatment. The Viper venom is very dangerous and toxicity comparable to the bite of a rattlesnake, but the Viper bite produces only a very small amount of poison in the human body. That is why the most dangerous snake bites are small children, when the concentration of the poison relative to body weight is quite high.
Avoid snake bites!
Of course, the chances of meeting a snake in the city is very low. Outside the city they increase slightly, but snakes don’t show aggression, and most prefer to quickly retreat from the meeting place with man. Thus, in the first place, teach children not to approach snakes, which would substantially reduce the risk of bite.
If you are with kids go Hiking in the marshland, or water, wear them in a closing of the feet shoes and long pants made of thick fabric. Almost all bites occur due to the fact that a person accidentally steps on a snake. In many cases, snakes are unable to bite through shoes, so this simple preventative measure could be sufficient. Avoid tall grass, accumulations of last year’s leaves or gorges, where snakes usually hide.
First aid in case of bites by snakes
Unlikely the snake bite you will act as the heroes of adventure films. You are unlikely to cut or cauterize the wound, sucks out the poison and will catch the snake to bring it for identification to a specialist.
It is therefore important seek medical assistance or take the child to the health facility, even if you see no reactions to the bite. Try to photograph the snake or at least remember the color, pattern leather, sizes. This will help determine if the snake is poisonous or is this really normal or snake who, quite safe.
Stay calm, at least outwardly, and do not let the child panic. Increased heart rate will cause the venom will quickly disperse throughout the body.
Try to suck out the poison from the wound. To do this may be the only person who has no wounds in the mouth or cracks on the lips. Rinse your mouth with water after the procedure.
Lay the baby on the ground, placing the site of the bite lower than the heart, or at least not higher, in order to prevent the poison to spread rapidly with blood.
If the bite was swollen, remove constricting clothes and bracelets, chains, rings, in short, all that could compress the skin.
Wash the wound with clean water with ordinary soap and cover with a bandage or dry clean cloth or clothes, or towel.
If you are in regions where poisonous snakes are common, ask the Manager of rescue services until the arrival of ambulance crews to switch you to a specialist who will be able to identify the species of snake is by your description. It will also help and on arrival at the hospital – if the species of snake is accurately defined, then your child will immediately receive the antidote.
Even if you are absolutely sure that the snake is not poisonous and the bite has not caused any problems, contact your doctor in the shortest possible time to address the issue of the need to obtain emergency vaccination against tetanus. In particular this applies to children who are not vaccinated by age appropriate vaccine.