First aid for snake bite
Leave me alone, snake effervescent, or First aid for snake bite
In the den of the snake was modestly, but with a bite.
We wrote a lot about how to deal with tick bites, but never about what to do in case of snake bite, and this can be quite useful right now, in the summer, during vacations, Hiking in the woods and mountains, and even trips abroad to exotic countries, where so many not only wild monkeys, and poisonous creatures.
In Russia too there are a lot of poisonous snakes, the most dangerous of them: Cobra, Central Asian Viper, is less poisonous: the Viper and the Copperhead. Mostly vipers, which were generally of a peaceful disposition, in the form of a man trying to disappear immediately, and only bite for self-protection, as, however, and all the snakes. So be careful.
If you (or one of your companions) felt “a pinprick”, but don’t know what kind of snake, poisonous or non-poisonous, you have been bitten by, and in appearance are unable to determine or did not, inspect the wound. The figure shows the types of tracks that leave the snakes on the site of the bite. The first five – poisonous snakes (see the punctures of the fangs) and the sixth – non-poisonous snakes.
If you are unlucky and the snake was poisonous, the most important thing is not to panic. Do not allow victim to move, walk or even sit, it is better to stack and fix the affected body part to slow the spread of the poison. Then quickly taken to the infirmary. First of all squeeze out from the wound a drop of poison. Then the poison from the bite to suck out the mouth if in mouth does not have scratches and wounds, but it will significantly help only if the bite is large and solenoidality a snake with lots of poison.
In any case, it is not recommended to drag the affected part of the body harness, allegedly in order to stop the spread of poison through the blood. It is not only not effective, but fraught with grave consequences, because a tourniquet enhances local processes the spread of venom in the tissues, up to gangrene. Snake venoms spread through the lymph system, not blood, so pinching veins does not make sense. Cauterize is also pointless, as the fangs puncture deep enough and just superficial cauterization does not help but creates additional risk of infection. It is best to rinse with water and apply a light bandage. Another «banned” method is the consumption of alcohol, because it will only speed the absorption of the poison. You need to drink more water, tea or drinks, but not coffee, which stimulates the nervous system.
The poison spreads through the body pretty quickly. In the site of the bite swelling of the brown color formed, which is gradually increasing pain, especially at the site of the bite, also increases. Bites to the head are especially dangerous. Symptoms: dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, nausea, fainting or shock. Especially dangerous bites snake children, because the dose of poison in proportion to the body more.
But the best treatment, they say, is prevention. In other words, it is better to prevent the attack of a snake. Here are a few tips: when you meet a snake do not wave hands and sudden movements slowly fall back. Snakes differently warn of their readiness to jump: Copperhead starts to shake a tail, adder’s zigzag arch the front part of the body, but the Cobra takes a direct rack and blows the hood. Well, if you would be in the hands of the stick: hold it in front of him, in case of an attack of a snake bite is likely to have on it.
Snakes are dangerous, mainly because invisible, they can be accidentally stepped on or just to be in an invalid location that will be seen as an attack and will cause a definite reaction – to defend themselves by using their “ACE” – poison and sharp fangs. But if your rubber or leather boots, in most cases there is nothing to fear, at least the bite in his feet. The teeth of snakes, though sharp, but fragile, and it is unlikely that they pierced the thick skin or rubber.
Take care of yourself, health and good rest!